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Fruit in Charts: The winners and losers of 2018 (Part 2 of 3)

Here is part two of three looking at the winners and losers of 2018. The previous article was based on pricing information made available by the USDA market data, and here we will look at the volume data.

The USDA’s volume data is one of the most complete representations of a market available everywhere – not only considering imports to the U.S., but national production to a large extent as well. In 2018 we also saw a big improvement to the data set, which now offers more complete information for several commodities (mostly citrus), which used to only partially include U.S. production.
Average Yearly Volumes by Commodity
(Source: USDA Market News via Agronometrics)
[Agronometrics users can view this chart with live updates here

In the table below we can see the ranking of commodities by percentage of growth, which offers some good insights when considering the commercialization of the fruit the data set is trying to represent. By far the biggest increase in volume is for lemons and oranges, both of which saw huge jumps compared to the previous year. Avocados and grapefruit saw much more moderate yet still impressive growth.

This might be a good time to mention the new data that the USDA has begun reporting for certain commodities. At the end of this article I put the chart of lemon volumes by origin where you can very clearly see the new volumes that are being reported, Keep in mind that this is not new volume – California has produced lemons for as far back as we have had data, but the volumes just weren’t being reported. This being the case, it is very difficult to make a level comparison of the commodities with the new reports to others so I put an asterisk next to all the fruit that is reporting new volumes that might create a problem in this analysis.

In bold, the commodity “All” represents the average growth for all the products we have in Agronometrics, which shows that volumes, as a whole, grew by 6.02% in 2018. This includes lemons and oranges, but is still an impressive level of growth.

To read this chart, keep in mind that 100% equals the same volume as last year, where anything above is growth and anything below is a loss.

Average Yearly Volumes by Commodity

Rank Commodity 2017 2018 Change
1 Lemons* 142.06% 345.98% 203.92%
2 Oranges* 137.04% 293.38% 156.33%
3 Avocados 93.29% 115.89% 22.60%
4 Grapefruit* 76.61% 113.96% 37.35%
5 Peaches 68.83% 109.13% 40.30%
6 Asparagus 102.66% 108.49% 5.84%
7 All* 102.83% 106.02% 3.19%
8 Strawberries 109.48% 105.45% -4.03%
9 Blackberries 101.30% 103.33% 2.02%
10 Blueberries 92.34% 101.43% 9.09%
11 Kiwifruit* 96.49% 99.56% 3.07%
12 Grapes 100.54% 99.41% -1.13%
13 Limes 108.85% 99.18% -9.67%
14 Mangoes 102.59% 98.17% -4.42%
15 Cranberries 79.65% 98.16% 18.52%
16 Apples 100.25% 97.32% -2.93%
17 Pears 87.36% 96.37% 9.01%
18 Raspberries 94.80% 95.52% 0.71%
19 Clementines 118.53% 93.58% -24.95%
20 Guava 105.74% 91.87% -13.87%
21 Bananas 107.93% 86.89% -21.04%
22 Cherries 131.00% 85.51% -45.49%
23 Nectarines 70.91% 79.01% 8.11%
24 Plums 64.85% 67.43% 2.59%

Just like when we were looking at prices, seeing the massive amount of year-to-year variance it is reasonable to say that yearly percentage growth might not be the best indicator of overall attractiveness of a commodity. In agriculture, this is particularly true, given that planting new crops requires longer investment periods to begin seeing returns, so I expanded the study to observe average yearly growth for the last eight years. As a point of reference, I offer the same calculation for 2017 as well.

The biggest winner, even looking back eight years from 2017, continues to be lemons. Although this it is a calculation made with incomplete data, it does say that at least other non-U.S. origins are seeing a lot of growth. Of the other categories that haven’t been affected by new data, guava and avocados stand out.

Shipping Point Yearly Percentage Growth by Commodity

Rank Commodity 8Yr Ave 2017 8Yr Ave 2018 Change
1 Lemons* 116.76% 148.03% 31.27%
2 Oranges* 101.97% 129.05% 27.08%
3 Guava 114.38% 113.62% -0.76%
4 Avocados 107.61% 111.27% 3.66%
5 Asparagus 106.68% 108.11% 1.43%
6 Blackberries 106.24% 107.01% 0.77%
7 Raspberries 108.70% 105.93% -2.77%
8 Limes 106.04% 105.71% -0.34%
9 Cherries 107.85% 105.21% -2.64%
10 Mangoes 106.22% 104.10% -2.12%
11 Kiwifruit* 108.53% 104.09% -4.44%
12 Strawberries 103.45% 103.62% 0.17%
13 Blueberries 105.01% 103.25% -1.76%
14 All* 101.52% 102.45% 0.93%
15 Apples 102.70% 102.19% -0.51%
16 Cranberries 101.18% 101.84% 0.66%
17 Grapes 100.18% 100.37% 0.19%
18 Clementines 100.12% 100.15% 0.03%
19 Bananas 100.90% 99.45% -1.46%
20 Pears 97.99% 97.81% -0.18%
21 Peaches 93.20% 95.20% 2.00%
22 Grapefruit* 89.55% 92.12% 2.57%
23 Nectarines 92.70% 90.42% -2.29%
24 Plums 88.20% 82.18% -6.02%
Readers of our previous article might find that the information in this chart contrasts with the previous one in which we covered prices. Especially when looking at commodities like avocados, which saw huge losses in price contrasted with record levels of growth. This scenario sets us up perfectly for our next article where we compare prices and volumes to see which markets could be considered more attractive across these two complementary datasets.

In the graph below you will find our example of the new data that the USDA is reporting.

                                                           Lemon Volumes by Origin
(Source: USDA Market News via Agronometrics)
[Agronometrics users can view this chart with live updates here

Written by: Colin Fain

Original published in on January 22, 2019 (Link) 


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